Some Interesting Facts About Mosquitoes
Mosquitoes belong to the Culcidae family and are described as disease causing insects. They are regarded as undesirable pests and are always linked to disease, but there are also some interesting facts about them. Find out more below.
Studies show that mosquitoes have been around for 100 million years and they come from over 3000 different species. There are mosquitoes all over the world and they can survive in any climate, even in extremely cold places like the Arctic.
In most cases, they will live one mile away from their breeding ground but some might live as much as twenty miles away. A female mosquito can live between three to one hundred days, while the male lives for ten to twenty days. One of the surprising facts is that mosquito eggs can stay alive for over five years.
A mosquito’s life stages extend from the egg, larvae, pupae and adult. Except for the last stage, the mosquito will lay eggs in water. They prefer stagnant water such as lakes and ponds. A female mosquito can lay up to 200 eggs in one go. The egg can become an adult in four to seven days.
Most mosquitoes feed on fruit nectar and juices, only a handful will feed on human beings. Some species eat other mosquitoes, while others prefer frogs. Only female mosquitoes feed on or bite humans, as many species are blood eating pests. While drawing blood some will transmit dangerous diseases such as malaria to people and livestock. Other disease includes dengue, encephalitis and filariasis. One mosquito with the malaria virus can infect over one hundred people. Mosquitoes will kill more humans than any other insect.
A male mosquito can be distinguished from the female by their sensory organ (palp) and feather-like or plumose antenna. The female mosquitoes make high-pitched sounds when their wing beats and this causes the males to find them easily.
Mosquitoes are naturally more attracted to dark colors. They are mostly attracted to carbon dioxide and would use smell in order to hunt. Due to their poor eyesight, they identify preys through an infrared vision of their body temperature.
Important information on how to lessen the mosquito population:
You can start by getting rid of the stagnant water in your drums, tin cans, garden, bottles, and so on. All the water containers must be covered properly and emptied regularly because they are breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
Cover or drain the water from idle swimming pools and drain all the swamps around the yard. Ensure that water is not accumulating in the ground surrounding the house.
Use DDT or some other pesticide if you want to kill the mosquitoes.
Lastly, the shrubs and grass in the garden or yard must be cut short to prevent mosquitoes from populating the space.